Darwinism: Reception in Spain and Catalonia

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Darwin and his work had a profound effect on European society in his day. Evolutionism shook the world of science, philosophy and every sphere of culture, and led to a paradigm shift —man was not of divine origin but shared a common ancestor with the rest of species. The reception of the theory in Spain and Catalonia between the late-19th and early-20th centuries created ample testimony of the tensions that arose between conservative and progressive intellectuals, politicians and scientists, and left a substantial heritage in libraries, archives and museums, as well as further evidence in journals, manuscripts, caricatures and books.

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