The Homeland of Migrating Groups - Ireland and the UK

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An Emigrant Ship, Dublin Bay, Sunset

An Emigrant Ship, Dublin Bay, Sunset White Star Line passenger list The emigrant's farewell The Irish remedy -- emigration to America

The Homeland of Migrating Groups - Ireland and the UK

One of the most well-known immigrant groups in the U.S. came from Ireland. In the first half of the 19th century, many Irish people left from ports like Cork or Dublin, seeking prosperity and escaping the British repression of Catholics. The number of emigrants exploded after the Great Famine (1845-1850), when a potato blight ruined crops for several years in a row. Almost a million Irish people starved to death. Millions of others fled the country with the United States as their major destination. Their numbers were so high that in the 1840s, half of all the immigrants who entered the United States were of Irish origin. In a few decades, Ireland’s population, which was more than 8 million in 1841, dropped to less than 5 million, losing many of their citizens to the United States. While the Irish have always attracted more attention, millions of British emigrants also found their way to the United States. Together, the English, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish, marked as ‘British’ in most of the immigration records, made up around 4 million immigrants. This makes them one of Europe’s largest suppliers of immigrants.

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Ireland and the UK
 
Western Europe
 
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Southern Europe
 
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